Police seize Iron Age and Islamic jugs from smuggler
TEHRAN – Iranian police recently confiscated four terracotta jugs from a smuggler in the town of Miandoab in the northwestern province of West Azerbaijan, a senior police official in charge of heritage protection said cultural.
The relics, believed to date back to the Iron Age and Islamic times, were discovered at an antique dealer in the historic village of Yarijan following reports from locals and cultural heritage aficionados the CHTN said on Sunday, citing Behzad Hejabi.
The culprit has been handed over to justice for further investigation, the official added.
The Iron Age is the last technological and cultural step in the Stone-Bronze-Iron Age sequence. The date of the full Iron Age, when this metal largely replaced bronze in tools and weapons, varied geographically, starting in the Middle East and Southeastern Europe around 1200 BC but not in China. before about 600 BC, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica.
In Iran, the term Iron Age is used to identify a cultural change that occurred centuries earlier than the time allowed for its use elsewhere in the Near East, and not to recognize the introduction of new metal technology. .
As mentioned by the Encyclopedia Iranica, iron artifacts were unknown in Iran until the 9th century BC (the cultural period referred to as the Iron Age II), centuries after the phase referred to as the Iron Age I.
Iranian sites with levels identified as dating to the Iron Age were first excavated in western Iran at Sialk, then in northwestern Iran around the western, eastern and southern shores. from Lake Urmia, near the Zagros mountains bordering Mesopotamia and Anatolia. These sites remain the best documented Iron Age sites in western Iran to this day.
Written sources are scarce on Iranian Iron Age sites, and locally written texts are non-existent. Indirect historical reference to the region begins in the 9th century BC. these references continued into the 7th century.
However, it is difficult to relate the political regimes appointed by the Assyrians to sites on the ground; in fact, no Iranian Iron Age site excavated has been conclusively identified by its old name, although suggested identifications have been put forward.
The term Islamic art not only describes art created specifically in the service of the Muslim faith (e.g., a mosque and its furnishings), but also characterizes art and architecture historically produced in countries ruled by Muslims, produced for Muslim patrons, or created by Muslim artists. As it is not just a religion but a way of life, Islam has fostered the development of a distinctive culture with its own unique artistic language which is reflected in art and architecture across the Muslim world.
West Azerbaijan includes a variety of lush natural landscapes, cultural heritage sites and museums, including the UNESCO sites of Takht-e Soleyman and Qareh Klise (Monastery of St. Thaddeus), Teppe Hasanlu and the ruins of the citadel of Bastam.
The region was home to several ancient civilizations. According to Britannica, it was conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC and was named Atropatene after one of Alexander’s generals, Atropates, who established a small kingdom there. Ultimately, the region returned to Persian (Iranian) rule under the Sassanids in the 3rd century CE.